3 scenarios were selected: after carefully considering the context and requirements of the Call text, discussing the threat feasibility of the scenarios with the end user partners and national and international interoperability requirements. The 3 scenarios and sub-scenarios such as evacuations of impacted populations and water contamination will allow a comprehensive assessment of S-HELP, while providing a robust test‐bed for the integrated platform to be developed. The S-HELP DSS will be demonstrated to support preparedness and response during an exercise, enable a post evaluation and reuse the exercises across the different end user groups as knowledge transfer simulations.

Scenario 1: Cross-Border Chemical Explosion and Bio-Hazard

The cross border chemical explosion and bio-hazard scenario characterised a cross-border chemical explosion, simulated on the 26th of October 2016 in the National Emergency Co-ordination Centre (NECC) in Dublin, Ireland. The objective of the scenario was to demonstrate the S-HELP tool-set in the context of an emergency scenario in an appropriate setting for strategic decision makers the NECC.

Scenario 2: Regional and Interregional Mass Flooding

The biological hazard response (pandemic influenza) exercise was held on the 26th of September at the MDA headquarters in Tel-Aviv, Israel. This biological event simulated the spread of a respiratory virus across Europe in order to assess the performance and impact of the S-HELP tool-set in the management of cross border flu like pandemic.

Scenario 3: Biological Hazard Response

The S-HELP Regional and Interregional Mass flooding exercise took place on the 25th of November in the Emergency Co-ordination Centre at Anglesea Street Fire Station, Cork City. The purposes of the exercise was to evaluate the S-HELP platform to respond to a major emergency in line with arrangements as defined with the “Framework for Major Emergency Management” (2006) and the Cork City, Cork County and Kerry County Inter Agency Flood Emergency Response Plan.